1 Corinthians 16:14 – Let all your things be done with charity.

The first computer that stored and executed programs electronically was SSEM (Small Scale Experimental Machine), also known as the baby or the Manchester Baby, in 1948. It was only in May 1950, when the smallest of Babbages proposed Analytical Engine Pilot models, built by Jim Wilkinson, Cambridge mathematician Max Newman, Mike Woodger, and others, executed a program for the first time. Progress on Babbages proposed Analytical Engine proceeded slowly, because of organizational difficulties at NPL, and by 1948, a highly fed-up Turing (Robin Gundys description, in an interview with Copeland, 1995) left NPL for Newmans Computer Machinery Laboratory at Manchester University.

1 John 4:8 – He that loveth not knoweth not God; for God is love.

John Womersley, Turings direct superior at NPL, gave the name Automated Computing Engine, or ACE, after Charles Babbages Difference Engine and the Analytical Engine. The first mechanical computing concepts In 1822, Charles Babbage designed and developed the first mechanical computing device, the Difference Engine. In 1822, Charles Babbage conceptualized and began developing the Difference Engine, which is considered to be the first automatic computational machine capable of approximating polynomials.

Colossians 3:14 – And above all these things put on charity, which is the bond of perfectness.

Charles Babbage received some assistance with developing the Difference Engine from Ada Lovelace, considered to be the first computer programmer due to her work on the computer. The first mechanical computer was considered programmable, and Charles Babbage wrote notes and sketches on the Difference Engine as well. Inappropriately, Babbage was not able to finish a complete working type for the first mechanical computer, because he did not have enough funds.
It was in the 1800s, in 1822, to be precise, that the English mathematician, philosopher, and inventor Charles Babbage introduced the computer concept for the first time, with only the English mathematicians calling it a difference engine. The earliest computer that is similar to modern machines is the Analytical Engine, a device invented and designed between 1833 and 1871 by British mathematician Charles Babbage. Charles Babbage began sharing with Ada his ideas about a new machine, one that would outperform the difference engine, and which came to bear an architecture that was very similar to modern computers, although it was never built to completion either (Kim & Toole, 1999).

John 15:13 – Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.

Charles Babbages ideas about a general-purpose computing engine were never forgotten, particularly in Cambridge University, and were sometimes a lively subject of lunchtime discussions in the wartime HQ of the Government Coding and Cypher School, Bletchley Park, Buckinghamshire, birthplace of the electronic digital computer. With Charles Babbages ideas in hand, and after, it is suggested, a fair amount of trial and error along the way, in 1822, Babbage went ahead and followed up on his outrageous notion to automate this calculations, and created what he called a “differential engine” (Charles Babbage, n.d.). All of the successes laid down by English mathematicians during the 1800s were also realized as the first conception for a modern computer, Alan Turing, in 1936.

John 3:16 – For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

Without the early successes of Charles Babbage in building mechanical machines to calculate, or Ada Lovelaces achievement of understanding the potential of computer programming, we could not have got where we are today. As funding for English mathematicians projects began to dry up at the British government, the famed inventor turned his sights on something bigger, a general-purpose computing machine he called an analytic engine. It was the first concept of general-purpose computing, which contained the fundamental control of the flow, an Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU), integrated memory, etc. Unfortunately, because of the lower funding, Charles Babbage was not also able to construct this computer when he was alive.
The machine included the arithmetic logical unit, flow control in form of branching and conditional loops, and integrated memory, making it the first general-purpose computer design which can be described, in todays terms, as Turing-complete. The first mechanical general-purpose computer contained an ALU (Arithmetic Logic Unit), basic flow control, punch cards (inspired by Jacquards loom), and integrated memory. The difference engine was capable of computing values for polynomial functions, which would help with navigation; the analysis engine was the first computer which could be considered to have completed the Turing.

1 John 4:19 – We love him, because he first loved us.

Although Difference Engine was never fully developed, a documented program of machine capabilities became the basis of what we understand today as computer programming, and of our machines today. The output was to then be a printed automatic page, which led to the machines ability to do addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division with a precision of up to twenty places decimals ( A Brief History of Computers, n.d.). Babbage proposed that a difference engine was a digital, specialized computing machine used for the automatic output of mathematical tables (such as logarithm tables, tide tables, and astronomical tables).

1 John 4:7 – Beloved, let us love one another: for love is of God; and every one that loveth is born of God, and knoweth God.

The first computer to achieve Turings completion, with these four essential features, of our present computers, was the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer), which was developed covertly by the U.S. Army, and was first commissioned to operate on 10 December 1945 by the University of Pennsylvania for research into the feasibility of a hydrogen bomb. At the end of the Second World War — during which he helped crack the Enigma codes for the Nazis encoded messages — Turing created one of the earliest computers resembling the current ones, an automatic computing engine, that, apart from being digital, was programmable; that is, it could be used to do a lot of things just by changing a program.